Mathematical Economics after WWIMarseille
Within the framework of the conference commemorating the end of WWI, to be held at the CIRM: Mathematical Communities in the Reconstruction after the Great War (1918–1928)
Michel Armatte (Alexandre Koyré Center): Economic Cycles: From Descriptive Statistics to Formalization
Irina Konovalova-Peaucelle (French National Centre for Scientific Research - CNRS) (invited): Was the Russian Theory of Cycles a Mathematical Theory?
Pierre-Charles Pradier (University Paris I): Were the Foundations of Measurement without Theory Laid in the 1920s?
Law and Economics: From Theory to Practice and Back AgainParis
Speakers (first speakers): Thierry Kirat (University Paris-Dauphine), Frédéric Marty (University of Nice), Dina Waked (Sciences-Po Paris)
What are the origins, developments and relevance today of law and economics? What role do they play within the field of economics? The aim of the conference is to put the discipline –established in the 1920s around the ideas of John Commons – into historical perspective.
How did the field develop from an institutional analysis of law to an economic analysis? How did the “second" law and economics establish itself? Particular attention will be given to the convergence of the rules of public policy towards private standards.
What’s Happening on World Energy Markets?New York
Hosted by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 630 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2200, New York, NY, 10111
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MORNING SESSION (9:30 am – 11:30 am)
Welcome and Introduction to the Conference
Round Table – What’s Been Happening on Energy Markets?
Chaired by Robert Solow (MIT; Cournot Centre)
Michael Levi (Former Special Assistant to President Obama for Energy and Economic Policy)
Antoine Halff (Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia University)
Presentation Antoine Halff_031017.pdf
Amy Myers Jaffe (Energy Security and Climate Change Program, Council on Foreign Relations)
Presentation Amy Myers Jaffe_031017.pdf
Lutz Kilian (University of Michigan)
Presentation Lutz Kilian_031017.pdf
- LUNCH -
AFTERNOON SESSION (1:00 pm – 3:00 pm)
How to Model the Roughness of Oil and Gas Dynamics
Josselin Garnier (Ecole Polytechnique) & Knut Sølna (University of California, Irvine):
A Time-Frequency Analysis of Oil Price Data
Presentation_Josselin Garnier - Knut Solna_031017.pdf
Commentator: Gérard Ben Arous (New York University)
Commentator: Lutz Kilian (University of Michigan)
What can we say about the evolution of oil and gas prices?
The conference will address this issue by:
(i) presenting tools that can be used to describe the complex multi-scale structures of energy-market price data;
(ii) discussing the possible mechanisms behind these regime shifts;
(iii) considering the possible implications for hedging and risk assessment.
A special focus will be put on the evolution of prices since the end of 2014.
The observation of market price fluctuations sometimes reveals behaviors that cannot be well captured by standard models based on discrete-time random walks or continuous diffusion. In standard models, the return fluctuations of a risky asset are driven by Brownian motion, giving independent Gaussian returns. It has become clear that oil and gas price data vary at different interconnected scales, slow or fast: they have a complicated multi-scale structure that, moreover, may vary over time. Time-frequency analysis can be used to identify the main features of these variations and, in particular, the regime shifts. The analysis derives from a wavelet-based decomposition, a special decomposition of a signal in time-frequency components, and the associated scale spectrum. The joint estimation of the local Hurst coefficient (an index of smoothness) and volatility is the key to detecting and identifying regime shifts and changes in the oil price. For the first time since 1986, "persistence" processes of unprecedented force occurred between the end of 2014 and 2016, opening up a new period.
Conference celebrating the centennial of the birth of Kiyosi Itô
Kiyosi Itô’s Legacy from a Franco-Japanese PerspectiveAmbassade de France au Japon - Tokyo
Ambassade de France au Japon, salle de réunion de l’atrium, 1F 4-11-44 Minami Azabu, Minato-ku, Tōkyō, 106-8514
- 7 minutes from the metro station Hiroo (Exit 1) - Access map : http://www.ambafrance-jp.org/Plan-d-acces-a-l-Ambassade
Organized by L'Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques and Fondation et Centre Cournot
Contributors: Jean-Pierre Bourguignon (Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques), Nicole El Karoui (École polytechnique), Masatoshi Fukushima (Osaka University), Tadahisa Funaki (University of Tokyo), Josselin Garnier (Université Paris Diderot), Daniel Goroff (Alfred P. Sloan Foundation), Shigeo Kusuoka (University of Tokyo), Glenn Shafer (Rutgers Business School), Jean-Philippe Touffut (Cournot Centre)
Due to security checks at the Embassy, please bring a photo I.D. and plan to arrive 20 minutes before the conference begins.
Presentations in English.
The work of Kiyosi Itô and the Japanese school of stochastic processes that he founded is exceptional both in its beauty as pure mathematics and in the insights it has provided in biology, chemistry, quantum physics, electrical engineering, and finance. As the International Mathematical Union attested in awarding Itô its first Carl Friedrich Gauss prize in 2006, his work ranks as part of the world’s cultural heritage.
From its outset, however, Itô’s work has stood in a special relationship to French mathematicians. The first citation in Itô’s published work, in fact, the first sentence of his first article, was to Paul Lévy’s, Théorie de l’addition des variables aléatoires. As Itô later wrote, he learned stochastic processes from this book. His goal was to make fully mathematical the beautiful structure the book depicted, and he succeeded. It is often said that other French mathematicians understood Lévy only after Itô had explained his contribution. Thirty years later, in the 1970s, Itô was still interacting with French mathematicians, embracing and further developing Paul-André Meyer’s semimartingale-based version of Itô’s theory of stochastic integration. Today, French mathematicians remain among those most keen to develop the applications of Itô’s calculus in physics and finance.
This conference examines Itô’s legacy from the perspective of this relationship. Is the theory of stochastic processes now truly a theory of sample paths as Lévy had envisioned? What has made Lévy processes and Itô’s understanding of stochastic integration so fruitful for applications in physics and finance? Where is Itô’s legacy taking us today?
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Thursday, 26 November 2015
10:30 am – Opening Session
• Glenn SHAFER (Rutgers Business School)
Whither Kiyosi Itô’s reconciliation of Lévy (betting) and Doob (measure)?
Shafer Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
12:00 pm – Lunch
1:30 pm – Session 1: Itô’s Heritage
• Masatoshi FUKUSHIMA (Osaka University)
The Life and Mathematical Legacy of Itô Sensei
Fukushima Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
• Daniel GOROFF (Sloan Foundation)
Abstraction vs. Application: Itô’s Calculus, Wiener’s Chaos, and Poincaré’s Tangle
Goroff Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
3:00 pm – Coffee break
3:30 pm – Session 2: Itô and Stochastic Analysis
• Tadahisa FUNAKI (University of Tokyo)
Some Topics in Stochastic Partial Differential Equations
Funaki Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
• Josselin GARNIER (Université Paris Diderot - Centre Cournot)
Itô's Calculus in Physics and Stochastic Partial Differential Equations
Garnier Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
Friday, 27 November 2015
10:30 am – Session 3: Itô’s Calculus and Financial Applications
• Nicole EL KAROUI (École polytechnique)
What Makes Kiyosi Itô Famous on Trading Floors?
El Karoui Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
• Shigeo KUSUOKA (University of Tokyo)
Itô Calculus, Malliavin Calculus and Finance
Kusuoka Presentation - Nov 2015.pdf
12:00 pm – Closing Remarks
• With the support of:
Ambassade de France au Japon
Japan Science and Technology Agency (CREST)
The Mathematical Society of Japan (MSJ)
Financing Science, or Innovation? Lessons from Europe, Japan and the U.S.Ministère de la Recherche - Amphithéâtre Stourdzé - 1, rue Descartes, Paris 5e
Speakers: Jean-Louis Beffa (Centre Cournot), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon (European Research Council), Daniel Goroff (Sloan Foundation), Yuko Harayama (Japanese Council for Science, Technology and Innovation), Thibaut Kleiner (European Commission), Julia Lane (American Institutes for Research), Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech (Ohio State University), Robert Solow (MIT)
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- 9:15 am: Welcome and Introduction to the Conference
9:30 am: The Financing and Allocation of Innovation: Directions, Indicators and Incentives
• Thibaut Kleiner, European Commission
• Julia Lane, AIR
Julia Lane Presentation 29-09-2014
11 am: Coffee break
11:30 am: Venture Capital, Philanthropy and Public Financing
• Daniel Goroff, Sloan Foundation
Goroff Presentation 29-09-2014 (1.8 MiB)
• Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech, Ohio State University
Schuelke-Leech Presentation 29-09-2014 (1.7 MiB)
1 pm: Buffet lunch
2:30 pm: Implications and Policy Conclusions for Governments and for Private Actors
• Jean-Pierre Bourguignon, European Research Council
Bourguignon Presentation 29-09-2014 (612.4 KiB)
• Yuko Harayama, Japanese Council for Science, Technology and Innovation
Harayama Presentation 29-09-2014 (760.2 KiB))
Are There Limits to the Probabilization of Science?The Pappalardo Room, 4-349, Department of Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA
Organized with Harvard Medical School
Speakers: Noureddine El Karoui (UC, Berkeley), Josselin Garnier (University Paris VII), Alice Guionnet (MIT), Andreas Hilfinger (Harvard), Jonathan Le Roux (MERL), Johan Paulsson (Harvard)
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- This conference brings together renowned probabilists from diverse scientific fields – probability theory, biology, geophysics, linguistics. By comparing definitions and methods, they assess the advance of probability in their respective disciplines and throughout the sciences as a whole. How do these disciplines intersect or diverge? Is there a common research agenda? What are the next steps in the development of probability?
Part I 10 am – 12 pm: The Advance of Probability: How Far Has It Come?
• Noureddine el Karoui (UC, Berkeley), The Relationship between Probability and Statistics
• Alice Guionnet (M.I.T.), Progress in Random Matrices
• Johan Paulsson (HMS), Defining a Stochastic Research Agenda in Systems Biology
Part II 1:30 – 3:30 pm: The Probability Approach
• Jonathan Le Roux (MERL): The Probabilization of Machine Perception in Speech and Audio
• Andreas Hilfinger (HMS): Understanding Biological Systems by Analyzing Stochastic Fluctuations
• Josselin Garnier (Université Paris-VII): Is a Common Agenda for Applied Probabilists Possible?
The Limits of the Probabilization of ScienceWarren Alpert Building (room 536), 200 Longwood Avenue, Harvard Medical School, Boston (Longwood station)
Speakers: Rémi Catellier (University of Paris IX), Meriem El Karoui (Harvard), Josselin Garnier (ENS), Andreas Hilfinger (Harvard), Johan Paulsson (Harvard).
What’s Right With Macroeconomics?Les Miroirs - La Défense
Jean-Louis Beffa (Saint-Gobain), Robert Boyer (CEPREMAP) , Jean-Bernard Chatelain (Université Paris I), Wendy Carlin (University College London), Giancarlo Corsetti (University of Cambridge), Giovanni Dosi (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa) , Robert Gordon (Northwestern University), Paul de Grauwe (Université de Louvain), Gerhard Illing (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich) , Xavier Ragot (CNRS), Willi Semmler (New School for Social Research, New York) , Robert Solow (MIT), Xavier Timbeau (OFCE), Volker Wieland (Goethe Universität, Frankfurt)
Conference volume: What’s Right with Macroeconomics?
2010 Conference Programme (75.8 KiB)
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- Thursday, 2 December
1. A Panorama of Concepts and Approaches
• Jean-Bernard Chatelain (Université Paris I)
Presentation Jean-Bernard Chatelain (131.6 KiB)
• Xavier Timbeau (OFCE)
Presentation Xavier Timbeau (327.4 KiB)
• Giancarlo Corsetti (University of Cambridge)
Presentation Giancarlo Corsetti (290.0 KiB)
Commentator : Gerhard Illing (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich)
Presentation Gerhard Illing (530.4 KiB)
Questions and Answers
2. Alternative Programmes: Renewing Macroeconomics
• Giovanni Dosi (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa)
Presentation Giovanni Dosi (578.5 KiB)
• Xavier Ragot (CNRS)
Presentation Xavier Ragot (214.2 KiB)
Commentator : Willi Semmler (New School for Social Research, New York)
Presentation Willi Semmler (659.5 KiB)
Vendredi, 3 décembre
3. Rethinking the Role of Fiscal Policy
• Volker Wieland (Goethe Universität, Frankfurt)
Presentation Volker Wieland (652.3 KiB)
• Paul de Grauwe (Université de Louvain)
Presentation Paul de Grauwe (1.1 MiB)
Commentator : Robert Boyer (CEPREMAP)
Presentation Robert Boyer (390.3 KiB)
Questions and Anwers
4. Round Table: Where Do We Stand? chaired by Robert Solow (MIT)
• Wendy Carlin (University College London)
Presentation Wendy Carlin (1000.6 KiB)
• Robert Gordon (Northwestern University)
Presentation Robert Gordon (183.9 KiB)
Conclusion by Robert Solow (MIT) & Jean-Louis Beffa (Saint-Gobain)